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Last Updated on November 14, 2021
With the world becoming more and more digital, the scope for Computer Science is on a rise. According to NASSCOM, the Indian IT exports are expected to expand to the tune of US$ 175 billion by 2020. The domestic sector will account for US$ 50 billion. So, it’s a no-brainer that B.Tech/B.E. Computer Science is one of the most highly sought after engineering branches after class 12. In this post, we will have a look at computer science careers, top colleges, jobs, and salaries in India.
Computer Science Careers in India
Top Colleges, Core Subjects, Best Specializations, Jobs, and Salaries
Co-authored by Parinita Gupta
Computer science is the study of processes that interact with data and that can be represented as data in the form of programs. It enables the use of algorithms to manipulate, store, and communicate digital information. A computer scientist studies the theory of computation and the practice of designing software systems. Computer scientists provide the brainpower for an endless number of tech companies throughout the world. Technology that we use in our everyday lives stems from the innovative ideas of cutting-edge professionals.
Computer Science Career Scopes
If you have always liked to solve problems or decipher codes, perhaps you have a knack for learning new languages, or maybe you were intrigued enough about your computer to rip off the cover and tinker with the inner workings, then computer science might be an ideal career choice for you.
India prides itself in having one of the largest technical manpower in the world. The students from India’s top science and technology educational institutions are highly sought after by Tech giants in the US and Europe. India has become the digital capabilities hub of the world with around 75% of global digital talent present in the country. It is the topmost off-shoring destination for IT companies across the world.
Having proven its capabilities in delivering both on-shore and off-shore services to global clients, emerging technologies now offer an entire new gamut of opportunities for top IT firms in India. Export revenue of the industry is expected to grow 7 – 9% year-on-year to US$ 135-137 billion in FY19. The industry is expected to grow to US$ 350 billion by 2025.
India has shown the potential for high-caliber computer-science research. Note the following facts:
- India’s pool of technical manpower is one of the largest in the world,
- The growth rate of India’s software industry has been tremendous in the recent past, and
- The demand in the West for students from India’s top science and technology educational institutions has been very strong.
With such a technical and forward-thinking profession, holding a Bachelors degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, or Computer and Software Engineering is key to success in the field and keeping up with the competition. On top of that, a Masters Degree is important for aspiring computer science jobs in management roles. Your education underlines your mastery of detail, intellectual training, and ability to problem solve. On the other hand, completing a Computer Science job abroad will illustrate your ability to apply your education in the field, adapt to a new environment, culture, and technologies, and your dedication to the field on an international level.
Job Scenario in India
Today, India stands among the top 3 contributors in the APeJ region’s software market share; accounting 12.6% of the overall market. Also, the country is estimated to achieve a CAGR of 14.4% between 2017 and 2022- this is the highest growth rate anticipated amongst the APeJ countries for the above-mentioned period.
Booming IT sector in India has plenty of jobs for fresh Computer Science graduates. Candidates from top-notch engineering colleges, however, get attractive job offers from MNC IT companies in comparison to not so known engineering colleges. Additionally, candidates with a higher percentage of marks and good communication skills as well as sound computer knowledge do not face problem in getting a job whether they are from a reputed engineering college or not. Computer Engineers can get jobs in non-IT companies like Universities, research, private and public industries, government departments, business organizations, commercial organizations and the manufacturing sector, etc.
Computer Science graduates have plenty of options to work in IT companies in the department such as design, development, assembly, manufacture, and maintenance, etc. Like any industry, the IT industry also offers a varied range of roles and positions to professionals:
- Software Developers
- Web developers
- Hardware Engineers
- System Designers
- System Analysts
- Networking Engineers
- Database Administrators
Related Article: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Jobs in India
Job Opportunities Abroad for Computer Science Graduates
Computer Science professionals have a very high probability of working abroad. By gaining hands-on experience working abroad, you’ll see first-hand how different organizations utilize scientific and practical approaches to efficiently develop the technology. With such a rapidly growing global industry, international experience will take your resume to the next level and make you a stronger, more competitive candidate for computer science jobs all over the world.
It is never necessary that computer science graduates need to typically work for IT Management or only software industries. They could also take a diversion into careers that require certain computer specialist skills. There are industries other than software that requires skills of computer applications. But at times the person may be required to take up additional training to be successful in such fields.
IT sector can truly be considered a global career in terms of its wide scope for professionals. India has been one of the leading exporters of IT talent and Indian computer engineers have played a major role in the growth and development of the IT sector in the USA, UK, Australia, and Canada. Numbers of employment opportunities are waiting for Indian computer science professionals in these countries.
Top Computer Science Colleges in India
The US and Europe have very high regard for graduate students trained at the IITs and in IISC. The reasons are easy to find. Admission to the Bachelors’ program (called B.Tech/M.Tech) at the IITs is through a fiercely competitive entrance examination called the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). It is written by over 100,000 students every year, with less than 1500 selected, based purely on their ranking in the JEE. The curriculum at the IITs is on par with top institutions in developed countries. A laudable feature of the B.Tech program is that during the final year, students are required to do a project, which in many instances are quite ambitious with students going on to publish their work in conferences and journals.
Few of the good institutes/colleges offering CS Degree courses in India are –
- Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) – Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Bombay, Hyderabad, Bhubaneshwar
- BITS Pilani
- Anna University
- National Institutes of Technology (NIT) – Tiruchirappalli, Rourkela, Warangal, Calicut, Ropar, Durgapur
- Jadavpur University
- Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) Dhanbad
- VIT (Vellore)
- Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (Shubpur)
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology
- Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology
- Siksha `O` Anusandhan
- BIT Ranchi
- Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy
- International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
- Delhi Technological University
- Amity University
- SRM Institute of Science and Technology
- Aligarh Muslim University
- Manipal Institute of Technology
- PSG College of Technology
- Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology
- Pune College of Engineering
- Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
- Panjab University
- Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology
Top Universities for Computer Science Abroad
- Carnegie Mellon University
- ETH Zurich
- UC Berkeley
- University of Toronto
- Nanyang Technological University
- Tsinghua University
- Imperial College London
- Columbia University
- New York University
- Peking University
- University of Waterloo
- Georgia Tech
- Cornell University
- UT Austin
Typical Subjects Covered at the Bachelors (Undergraduate) Level
Computer Architecture and Organisation– It is the study of the internal working mechanism of the computers as well as the implementation of the entire computer system. It can also be termed as learning the construction of the inner structure of computers.
Design and analysis of algorithms- It helps you learn about how algorithms are to be designed to solve every kind of problem in the branch of Computer Science and information technology.
Database management systems- It is a course about the kind of software that is responsible for the storage and retrieval of data in the computer system. It is also responsible for regular updates of the data for the users.
Unix programming- It is a study about one of the most popular operating systems which were first developed in 1960 and has been upgraded ever since. It helps the students in learning the essence of multitasking.
Compiler design- This helps in making the students learn about the importance of a compiler and helps in designing the same so that it can detect the error and also rectify it in the computer system.
Computer networks- This study is all about how the world of networking works and how it helps in the storage of data in various segments. It is one of the most essential topics of study and consists of theoretical as well as practical approaches.
Data structure and algorithm- This is a structural study of the computers and it comprises of a special format which is used for organizing and storing data. It helps the students in learning about how the data is to be structured and designed in order to solve a specific issue.
Distributing computing systems- This is one of the major concepts in the world of computer engineering and it refers to numerous computer systems working in sync on a single platform with the help of networking.
Cloud computing- It is the system of using a disconnected network of remote servers on the internet and to bind them together to store manage and process the data rather than in a desktop for a personal computer or even a local server so that the data becomes Invincible.
Software testing- This is a study about a procedure which is used to compute over the functionality of any software application to test whether the software is capable of meeting the specific requirements or not, and if not what are the defects the route to be rectified in order to enhance the quality of the software.
Recommended Article: What Students Really Learn While Studying Computer Science
Best Specializations in Computer Science
- Software Engineering
- Data Science & Analytics
- Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence
- Cyber Security
- Mobile and Web Computing
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Cloud Computing
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Information Systems & Management
Computer Science Salaries
Computer science is one of the highest-paying fields, with an average starting salary of Rs. 25,000-Rs. 30,000. Your salary will depend on several factors, including your position, experience, and education. But in general, salaries for computer science graduates are high across the country due to the widespread demand for qualified IT applicants. With 1-2 years of industrial experience, the salary may go up to Rs. 60,000 per month and even more or beyond expectations.
Generally, private firms offer excellent salary package as compared to government departments. Moreover, the average salary of students graduated from reputed colleges like IIT’s can go up to lakhs per month and with experienced senior level professionals, it can fetch easily more than 4-5 Lakhs a month.
Top Recruiters in this field:
· Sun Microsystems
· Tech Mahindra
· Snapdeal and many more…
Author Bio: Parinita Gupta is a full-time banking professional. Additionally, she is also a passionate blogger and digital marketer.
She mostly writes about the Banking & Finance, Technology, and FinTech sector. But, she also enjoys writing on other topics as well. You can follow her on Twitter.