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Careers and Jobs In Pathology

Pathology doctor

Pathology is the study of the nature of diseased, their causes, development, and consequences and involves laboratory tests of molecules, cells, tissues and organs, and their analysis. With the boom in population all over the world, healthcare needs are at an all time high.  This has led to an unprecedented rise in the demand for pathologists. More so, with the high recurrence of lifestyle, chronic as well as susceptible diseases like cancer. Professionals with a degree in pathology work independently or in a team. They can also join the teaching professional at a college or university.

 

The progress in scientific research which has given birth to technologies likes electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and molecular biology, the branch of pathology has undergone immense development. Today, biomedicine experts and pathologists are able to detect causes of a number of ailments by observing the changes in patients through blood, urine and stool tests.

 

Clinical pathology and anatomic pathology are the two categories of medical pathology. Clinical pathology deals with microbiology, immunology, clinical chemistry and Haematology, while Anatomic pathology deals with cellular and tissue.

 

Pathologists work as diagnosticians in health care institutes and hospitals, researchers in medical labs or as teachers in educational institutions. They can also explore opportunities in drug manufacturing, pharmaceutical, biotechnology, agriculture, public health, and law enforcement fields.

 

Specialists in clinical pathology work in private companies, corporate, hospitals or military and government agencies.

 

Pathology can also be classified into 

 

  • Neuropathology
  • Hematopathology
  • Cytopathology
  • Renal Pathology
  • Dermatopathology

 

Courses available –

Following certificate courses are of one-year duration –

 

  • PDCC (Blood Banking & Immunohaematology)
  • PDCC (Blood Component Therapy & Apheresis)
  • PDCC (Hepatopathology)
  • PDCC (Renal Pathology)
  • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology
  • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

 

Following diploma courses are of two-year duration –

 

  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques (PGDHGPT) – 15 months

 

Following Bachelor degree course is of four-year duration-

 

Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology –

 

Following Masters Courses are of two or three-year duration –

 

Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Pathology – 2 years

Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology – 3 years

Following doctoral courses are of three-year duration –

 

Doctor of Medicine in Pathology – 3 years

Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology – 3 years

Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology – 3 years

 

Areas of Specialization in Pathology 

 

  • Chemical Pathology
  • Neuropathology
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Surgical Pathology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Cytopathology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Paediatric Pathology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Plant Pathology

 

Admission and eligibility criteria

 

For admission to an undergrad course one must complete 10+2 in science with PCB combination. For admission in post graduate courses one must have a bachelor’s degree in related discipline.

 

College admission is generally on the basis of marks obtained in plus two. Some colleges hold entrance tests for admitting students. JIPMER PG and AIIMS PG are well known Postgraduate level medical entrance exams.

 

Pathology courses are offered in the following institutions in India 

 

  1. Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Andhra Pradesh
  2. Andhra Medical College, Andhra Pradesh
  3. Assam Medical College
  4. Guwahati Medical College, Assam
  5. Katihar Medical College, Bihar
  6. Government Medical College, Chandigarh
  7. J N M Medical College, Chattisgarh
  8. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi
  9. Army Hospital Research & Referral, Delhi
  10. Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
  11. B D Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Haryana
  12. Sher-I-Kashmir Instt. Of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu Kashmir
  13. Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Jharkhand
  14. Kasturba Medical College, Karnataka
  15. Bangalore Medical College, Karnataka
  16. Medical College, Calicut, Kerala
  17. Shyam Shah Medical College , Madhya Pradesh
  18. Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College , Maharashtra
  19. Mahatma Gandhi Mission’s Medical College, Navi Mumbai
  20. Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Manipur
  21. MKCG Medical College, Orissa
  22. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry
  23. Government Medical College, Punjab
  24. Dr SN Medical College, Rajasthan
  25. Chennai Medical College, Tamil Nadu
  26. Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu
  27. Uttar Pradesh Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU
  28. Himalaya Institute of Medical Sciences, Uttaranchal
  29. Dr BC Roy Postgraduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, West Bengal
  30. West Bengal North Bengal Medical College, West Bengal

 

Job roles 

 

Medical Examiner or consultants, Medical Lab Technician, Dermato-pathologist, Forensic Technician, Mortuary Assistant and Cytotechnologist are some of the well known job positions for pathologists.

 

Job responsibilities 

 

  • Making a note of information from autopsies, laboratory results, and investigation reports
  • Managing labs
  • Interpretation of different tests
  • Developing new techniques to better diagnose disease
  • Taking part in conferences, seminars update skill and knowledge

 

Hospitals, both government and private, private medical clinics, nursing homes, and pathological labs provide attractive job opportunities like Pathologists or Supervisors or Research partners, for pathologists. One good thing about the profession is that there no emergency service involved as is the case with other medical professions; hence the stress level is less.

 

One can also explore avenues like appearing for Combined Medical Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Government of India. Doctors can appear for the Provincial Civil Service Examination conducted by the respective Provincial Service Commissions.

 

Remuneration

 

Private and government hospitals pay handsomely to pathologists. Those who are new in the industry can expect a package between 10,000 to 15,000 rupees. Experienced pathologists get a monthly fee of 50,000 rupees or more. With experience, one can open his/her own pathology lab as well.

Author: Baishali Mukherjee

Profile- An independent writer and journalist for last nine years; presently working with Education World, Entrepreneur India, Scrabbl.com and Stoodnt.com. Worked as the content head for four books and have articles and features published in leading print and digital media spaces.

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