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Psychology Careers in India: Career Path, Jobs, Top Colleges in India, Skills and Salaries

Psychology Careers and Jobs in India

Psychology is the study of the human mind and behavior, which embraces all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as the thought process. It involves science and social studies and has applications in all walks of life – work, family, relationships, sports, and industries. It is a very diverse field and presents a plethora of exciting career opportunities. In this post, we will look at the Career Paths, Jobs, Salaries and Top Colleges in India for Psychology.

 

Psychology Careers and Jobs in India

Career Paths, Top Colleges in India, Skills, and Salaries

 

Top Career Paths in Psychology

 

Clinical Psychology

 

Clinical psychology deals with the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Clinical Psychology emphasizes the cognitive, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human behavior, in a cultural context. Clinical psychology is by far the largest sub-domain of psychology in terms of jobs and career opportunities. Though clinical psychologists work in medical settings (hospitals, drug rehabilitation centers, NGOs etc.), they are not allowed to prescribe medicines like medical doctors (or psychiatrists). Given the emotional pressures and increasing complexity in human lives, the demand for good clinical psychologists is likely to increase.

 

Psychology Careers in India

 

Counselling Psychology

 

Counseling psychology deals with facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span.  The field focuses on emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns. Counseling psychologists help people recognize their strengths and find resources to cope up with daily life problems, including educational and career issues. These people do not necessarily go through with any (clinically proved) mental disorders. However, these people do struggle with their daily functioning. Counseling psychologists work in therapy centers, private set-ups, career centers, schools, NGOs, and organizations. This is another field whose demand is expected to rise as well.

 

Child / Developmental Psychology

 

Child psychology (also termed as Developmental Psychology) is a very broad area. This field of psychology deals with the study of how human beings develop over the course of their lifetime. Primarily, concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to deal with adolescence,  adult development, and the entire lifespan. Child psychologists deal with the psychomotor, cognitive, emotional and social development of children and infants. Child psychologists deal with every aspect of child development that includes how children learn, think. Interact and respond to immediate surroundings and people. Child psychologists work in child therapy centers, schools, NGOs, and also play a big role in special education.

 

Sports Psychology

 

Sports psychology deals with the optimal performance and well-being of athletes and sportspersons. Sports psychologists can make a huge difference in an athlete’s performance, including his/her cognitive, emotional, motivational and physiological factors. It’s a new and rapidly emerging field of psychology. It’s very new in India. However, given the popularity of sports and a growing number of leagues and franchise based competitions, sports psychologists are bound to be in good demand. Sports psychologists can work with sports teams, sports coaching centers, academies, and various sports leagues.

 

Careers Scopes in Psychology
Source: LibGuides

 

Industrial / Organizational (I/O) Psychology

 

This specialization of psychology deals with the psychological theories and principles of workplaces and organizations. The specialty focuses on decimating principles of individual, group and organizational behavior and applying this knowledge to the solution of problems at work. The area covers job analysis, employee safety, employee training, job performance measurement, and employee hiring systems.

 

I/O Psychology has got two aspects. While the industrial side involves looking at how to best match individuals to specific job roles, the organizational side of psychology is more focused on understanding how organizations affect individual behavior.

 

Employers are always looking keen to recruit talented and skilled workers. But, hiring and remuneration of such professionals is always a challenge for companies worldwide. That is why companies put extra effort in skill upgrading and training of their existing employees. This puts the industrial psychologists in great demand globally. Therefore, I/O Psychology is one of the best career paths for getting international job roles. People specialized in I/O psychology can work as human resource development specialists, organizational consultants, HR managers, etc.

 

Psychology Careers, Jobs and Salaries in India

 

School Psychology

 

School psychologists are responsible for a wide range of issues working with students at various levels of their education. They support students’ ability to learn and also facilitate teachers’ ability to teach. They apply expertise in mental health, learning, and behavior, to help children and youth succeed academically, socially, behaviorally, and emotionally. School psychologists work with students, teachers, families and school administrators to ensure a safe and supportive learning environment.

 

Psychology Careers and Jobs

 

Career Counselling

 

Career counseling, also known as career guidance, is an applied branch of psychology that helps with choosing, changing, or leaving a career and is available at any stage in life. Career counselors are kind of similar to school counselors. But, Career Counsellors work with people of all ages at many different junctions in their career. In today’s age, several people complain about job dissatisfaction, work stress, lack of work-home balance, anxiety, depression, burn out, etc. Career counselors are the best people to help students and professionals to deal with these issues. Moreover, careers counselors are also very helpful when it comes to finding a new job, choosing the right career path, and career change.

 

Forensic Psychology

 

Forensic psychology basically deals with the law and judicial aspects of society. Forensic psychologists usually work with jails, prisons, forensic labs, rehabilitation centers, police departments, law firms, schools, and government agencies. Forensic psychologists work in both criminal and civil cases. Forensic psychologists play a vital role in understanding the psyche of the criminal, motive of crime and also sometimes in the nature of sentencing. Civil cases involve divorce cases, especially where the child custody is in a question. Get to know the Career Journey of Meghana Srivatsa as a Forensic Psychologist.

 

Related Post: Career Paths in Forensic Science

 

Engineering Psychology

 

Engineering psychology is very new and one of the least known fields of psychology. An engineering psychologist participates in the product design process; the final product can often be more practical, safe, pleasing, and more in demand by consumers. An engineering psychologist works in the product design process from the outset and eliminates the need to expensive re-design after product launch. For example, an engineering psychologist who employed by an electronics and home-appliances manufacturing company, will work with product designer and/or industrial engineer for designing consumer products like mobile, laptop, camera, and home appliances to determine features (size, shape etc.), placement of operating buttons and safety measures of such devices.

 

This field is gaining tremendous popularity in the US as the engineering psychologists are becoming a critical part of automobile companies, US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration and NASA. Know more about careers in engineering psychology.

 

Consumer Psychology

 

Consumer psychology is the study of why people buy things or prefers certain things over others. It basically studies how human thoughts, beliefs, feelings, and perceptions influence their buying process related to products and services. A consumer psychologist aims to find the underlying cognitive processes behind the consumer’s choices and their responses to marketing. Consumer psychologists closely work with marketing executives and sales people and help them figure out how to sell a product effectively. In today’s age of digital economy and e-commerce boom, consumer psychologists are in huge demand. They can help the companies and e-commerce sites on designing websites and product pages for converting visitors into customers. Consumer psychology has been very effective of late for boosting e-commerce sales. So, careers scope is definitely bright for this particular field.

 

Geropsychology (Geriatric Psychology)

 

Geropsychology is the field of psychology that deals with mental issues of elderly adults. With increasing age, people suffer from various disorders like depression, anxiety, dementia, schizophrenia, struggle to cope up with retirement life (including financial issues), social isolation & loneliness etc. Quite often people commit suicide as well. This makes the field of geropsychology the leader of all psychology fields. Geropsychologists counsel and encourage the older adults to live their lives normally by providing psychotherapies and interventions to deal with the age-related challenges and mental disorders.

 

Another challenge is this field is that the mental issues of the older adults often get overlooked by their children due to overlapping with the physical illness like hypertension, arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, hearing loss, cataracts etc. This makes the geropsychologists even more special.

 

The field of geriatric psychology is expected to be in huge demand globally in the coming years. In the US and India, there is a huge demand for such professionals as not many students opt for this specialization. As per the American Psychological Association (APA), the US will need 5, 000 geropsychologists by the year 2020. As of April 2017, there are only 700 geropsychologists in the country. In India, around 15 – 20% of older adults (aged above 60) suffer from some kind of mental illness.

 

Neuropsychology

 

Neuropsychology is a specialized field of psychology and very much interrelated to clinical psychology. The field combines neurology (which looks at the physical aspects of the human brain and central nervous system) and psychology (which focuses on human behavior and thought process).

 

Neuropsychologists deal with the assessment and treatment of patients with brain injury or neurological disease. They evaluate cognitive deficits, while also being a part of the management, treatment, and rehabilitation of cognitively impaired patients. They also conduct research work towards the development of models and methodologies to be used in the understanding of normal and abnormal brain functions. More often than not, neuropsychologists are engaged in researching neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Schizophrenia, dementia etc. They investigate the cause and mechanisms of these diseases, along with potential treatments.

 

Related Post: Careers and Jobs in Neuroscience

 

Military Psychology

 

The field of military psychology deals with military personnel and their families. Quite often military personnel suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, grief, anxiety, and sleep issues. Military psychologists perform psychiatric evaluations, assessment and treatment of mental and emotional disorders and provide counseling services to military personnel – both on active duty and retired. Military psychologists get employed by the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, Special Armed Forces and Para-Military forces.

 

Required Education for a Career in Psychology

 

There is no subject restriction for taking Psychology after 10+2. So, you can opt for any stream at the 10+2 level. However, it would be great if you study Psychology as an elective during your school. At the graduation level, you can study either B.A. or B.Sc. in Psychology. A Master’s degree is very much preferred for better career opportunities. However, a degree is not enough. This field demands several years of experience in order to see yourself earning fat paychecks. In few cases (e.g. Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology or Counselling Psychology), a doctorate degree is desirable as well.

 

Top Colleges in India for Psychology

 

  1. Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi
  2. Jesus and Mary College, Delhi
  3. St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  4. Presidency College, Chennai
  5. Christ University, Bangalore
  6. Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS)
  7. Sophia College for Women, Mumbai
  8. Kamala Nehru College for Women, Delhi
  9. Mithibai College of Arts, Mumbai
  10. Fergusson College, Pune
  11. University of Calcutta, Kolkata
  12. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  13. K J Somaiya College of Arts and Commerce, Mumbai
  14. St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad
  15. Gargi College, Delhi
  16. Indraprastha College for Women, Delhi
  17. Bethune College, Kolkata
  18. Amity University, Noida
  19. Jai Hind College, Mumbai
  20. Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
  21. University of Lucknow, Lucknow
  22. Wilson College, Mumbai
  23. Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow
  24. Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  25. Loyola Academy, Hyderabad
  26. National PG College, Lucknow
  27. Women’s Christian College, Chennai
  28. Osmania University College for Women, Hyderabad
  29. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  30. Ashutosh College, Kolkata
  31. Galgotias University, Noida
  32. The National Degree College, Bangalore
  33. Gujarat Forensic Sciences University,  Gandhinagar
  34. Holy Cross College, Agartala
  35. DAV College, Kanpur
  36. VGZ College of Arts & Science, Mumbai
  37. NMKRV College for Women, Bangalore
  38. Flame University, Pune
  39. Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra
  40. KLE University, Belgaum
  41. Indian Institute of Psychology and Research (IIPR), Bangalore
  42. Loreto College, Kolkata
  43. Bheem Rao Ambedkar College, Delhi
  44. Madras School of Social Work, Chennai
  45. Sarojini Naidu Government Girls PG College, Bhopal
  46. Ravenshaw University, Cuttack
  47. DAV College, Chandigarh
  48. Sarojini Naidu Government Girls PG College, Bhopal, Ranchi

Top 10 Online Courses on Psychology for Career Progression (Higher Studies & Employability)

 

Introduction to Psychology – University of Toronto

Foundation of Positive Psychology – University of Pennsylvania

Psychology at Work – University of Western Australia

An Introduction to Consumer Neuroscience & Neuromarketing – Copenhagen Business School

Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health – University of Sydney

The Brain and Space – Duke University

Viral Marketing & Consumer Behaviour – Wharton Business School (University of Pennsylvania)

Psychodiagnostics and Psychological Assessment – National Research Tomsk State University

Global Impact: Cultural Psychology – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Introduction to Human Behavioral Genetics – University of Minnesota

 

Required Skills for a Career in Psychology

 

  • Written and verbal communication, including report writing and presentation
  • Information technology
  • Handling of data and statistics
  • Analytical research
  • Problem-solving
  • Ability to work in teams

 

Career Prospects of Psychology
Source: careersinpsychology.org

 

Career Scopes of Psychology in India

 

Psychology Jobs and Salaries in India
Source: PayScale.com

 

We are living in a fast-paced world these days. Complex relationships, stressful jobs, increasing expenses, competition, anxiety, depression, sickness are very common in today’s world. We are not immune from societal and global pressures and tragedies, and cannot insulate from them. Psychology offers solutions that are useful for helping human society as a whole.  There are a lot of career opportunities in the field of psychology, and it does present great career scopes in terms of job satisfaction, intellectual pursuit, and personal development.

 

Author: Tanmoy Ray

I am a Career Adviser & MS Admission Consultant. Additionally, I also manage online marketing at Stoodnt. I did my Masters from the UK (Aston University) and have worked at the University of Oxford (UK), Utrecht University (Netherlands), University of New South Wales (Australia) and MeetUniversity (India).

Comments(2)

Tanmoy Ray

It depends on the strengths and career goal of the student. A B.Sc. program will involve more Maths and Science (and maybe lab work as well). B.Sc. degrees are more suitable for Graduate studies (MS/PhD) in Psychology or a similar field. Students with a BA degree can go for Graduate studies in business, social work or law. They can also go for jobs in the field of Sales, HR, Marketing etc. Let us know if you have got further queries.

GORKY GUHA

Which is a better choice,BA or Bsc in Psychology

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