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      Top Government/Public Institutes in India for Research in Physics

      Career in Physics is increasingly becoming a sought after options after plus two. Those who enjoy study of physics can build a career round it provided they know where studying Physics will lead them. Contrary to popular belief, there is a huge demand for Physics graduates in Astronomy, Meteorology, Bioengineering, Biophysics, Electronics and Telecommunications, Oceanography, Geology, Cosmology, Space Sciences, Hydrology and Mathematical Sciences. Studying Physics will help you develop a number of key skills such as computation skills, problem-solving, ability to think laterally and modelling. These fundamental skills are relevant in any work environment and make physics graduates highly desirable in a wide variety of fields like education, finance, journalism, IT, etc.

      Higher studies in Physics unfold great number of career opportunities where one can excel well. Students with a strong background in Physics can explore career options in bio-physics, bio-engineering, astronomy, cosmology, meteorology, electronics and telecommunications. To begin with, academia or scientific research is a major area of building your career. There are also positions for scientists in industrial research as well. This includes working with GE Jack Welch Research Center in Bangalore, Intel, Applied Materials, Hewlett Packard et al. The compensation is highly comparable with industrial sector tech jobs. Moreover, career opportunities at ISRO/Bhabha atomic research institute, DRDO are other extremely bright options where one can work directly in areas of extremely critical national interests. Such job roles help create tremendous impact on the nation’s scientific progress and give a great sense of contentment while providing the opportunity to work with the greatest scientific minds. No less illustrious is the career in academia or research in the national labs. Last but not the least, a host of untapped opportunities exists in the country in the field of consultancy for industry and also in entrepreneurship by means of launching your own firm in antennas/tracking technology, lasers for medicine and industrial processes, medical devices, semiconductor and the burgeoning solar industry. Physicists have a high level of acumen and expertise, hence; enjoy a unique competitive advantage in the field of science and technology.

      Another interesting thing to remember is that there are numerous exit opportunities if you decide to call it quits. The finance industry hires professionals with physics background for quantitative skills. These jobs though not intellectually rewarding, are extremely highly paid. Another option is management consulting which demands an analytic mind. Possibility to switch over to a number of engineering disciplines depending on the area of Physics specialization is also there. Physicists are also expert in writing codes and can easily get hired by IT /computer giants. In fact a true blue physicist can to do pretty much anything by dint of the inherent analytical and critical thinking prowess.

      A good idea is to foray into Applied Physics which includes using physics in building devices/systems. That said, it is also possible to do intricate work in theoretical physics in these areas as well. One example will be working on problems in condensed matter and statistical physics with relevance to lasers as well as quantum mechanics, and quantum optics problems in relation to lasers/photonics. This will help you satisfy intellectual interests while protecting financial and professional interests.

      However, succeeding in Physics is not easy, but rather hard both financially and otherwise. To be really successful you must be in the top 5 percent of professional Physicists. Suceeding as traditional engineer/banker/businessman is way easier. To be a successful Physicist you need to constantly perform at very high level throughout your professional life.

      Some of the sought after Physics courses in India include the following:

      B. Sc. Physics

      B.Sc. Physics Hons.

      B. Sc Applied Physics

      M. Sc Physics

      M. Sc. Applied Physics

      M. Phil Applied Physics

      M. Phil Physics

      Ph. D Applied Physics

      Ph. D Physics

      Basic Eligibility for Physics Courses:

      UG: The eligibility to apply for the undergraduate programme in physics is 10+2 with science (PCM/PCB).

      PG: The eligibility to apply for postgraduate programmes in physics is bachelor’s degree (10+2+3) in Physics.

      Ph. D/M. Phil: The eligibility to apply for M. Phil/Ph. D is to have a master’s degree in Physics

      After graduation you can pursue M.Sc. in any of a specialized field including research-focused fields like Astrophysics which is the study of physical or chemical properties of heavenly bodies and earth sciences such as geophysics. Another field is that of geosciences which delve into the exploration, discovery, and earth systems. There is an increasing demand for specialists in earth sciences to work with exploration, geological and geophysical companies; oil, petroleum service companies; gas and resource companies; engineering consulting firms; gas and chemical plant operations.

      Taking up research in Physics will help you explore the best career in the field. There are a host of research institutes in India that offer research opportunities in physics or physics related fields. However, the institutes offer research opportunities only in certain fields and all fields of research are not available in every institution. In most of these institutions students are also offered a master’s degree following which entry in the research domain is made through Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) or by clearing NET JRF and getting a direct call for interview.

      In India there are a host of government institutes to do comprehensive research in the subject.

      Here is the list of the top institutes –

      1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
      2. Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai
      3. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)
      4. Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
      5. Indian Institute Of Technology, Chennai
      6. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
      7. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
      8. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
      9. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
      10. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
      11. IISER
      12. NIT
      13. Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore
      14. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore Campus
      15. Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
      16. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad
      17. BARC, Mumbai
      18. DRDO, New Delhi
      19. Central Power Research Institute (CPRI)
      20. Institute for Plasma Research
      21. Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR)
      22. Centre for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation
      23. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
      24. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
      25. Raman Research Institute (RRI)
      26. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
      27. Regional Research Laboratory Indian Statistical Institute
      28. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
      29. The Institute of Mathematical Sciences
      30. Indian School of Mines, Jharkhand
      31. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
      32. Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune
      33. Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad
      34. S.N Bose National Centre For Basic Sciences, Kolkata
      35. Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai
      36. Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar
      37. Institute of Plasma Research, Gandhi Nagar
      38. Inter University Accelerator Center, Delhi
      39. Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research–Central Salt And Marine Chemicals Research Institute(CSIR–CSMCR), Bhavnagar
      40. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Trivandrum, Trivandrum
      41. Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research–National Physical Laboratory (CSIR–NPL), New Delhi
      42. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore
      43. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalappkam
      44. Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, Pune
      45. Centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Pune
      46. ICAR National Physical Laboratory, Pusa Road, Delhi

      Depending upon your research interest, you can choose research institutes for physics in India. These are according to the excellence in research but all of them are remarkably outstanding institutes for research in physics.

      List of institutes according to fields of research they offer –


      This field of Physics is known as an advanced and highly attractive field of research. Compared to the number of aspirants in this field of research opportunities are quite less as it demands expensive and sophisticated infra including telescopes, observatories etc.

      Top institutes offering research opportunities in the field –

      1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA)
      2. Inter University Centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)
      3. National Centre of Radio Astronomy (NCRA)
      4. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
      5. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
      6. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)
      7. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST)
      8. Raman Research Institute (RRI)

      Theoretical Physics

      Theoretical Physics is an area replete with an array of sub-fields, but combines analytical and theoretical approach to sophisticated problems in Physics together with numerical computation and simulations.

      Top institutes offering research opportunities in the field –

      1. International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS)
      2. Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc)
      3. Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI)
      4. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
      5. Institute of Physics (IP)
      6. Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI)
      7. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP)

      Condensed Matter Physics & other experimental areas

      This filed is known for its major experimental areas of research including condensed matter physics, lasers and photonics, material science, atomic, molecular & nuclear physics, particle physics etc.

      Top institutes offering research opportunities in the field –

      1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
      2. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
      3. Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
      4. Raman Research Institute (RRI)
      5. TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences (TCIS)
      6. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR)
      7. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)
      8. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP)
      9. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IITB)
      10. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Sciences (IACS)
      11. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune (IISER Pune)
      12. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IITM)
      13. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IITK)
      14. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali (IISER Mohali)
      15. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD)

      Electronics and Instrumentation

      Electronics and Instrumentation is similar to major engineering branches.

      Top institutes offering research opportunities in the field –

      1. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC)
      2. Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)
      3. National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC)
      4. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
      5. CSIR-Central Glass Ceramic Research Institute(CSIR-CGCRI)
      6. CSIR-Advanced Materials and Processes Research Institute (CSIR-AMPRI)
      7. National Phyical Laboratory (NPL)
      8. CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute(CSIR-CEERI)
      9. National Aerospace Limited (NAL)
      10. Indian Institute of Science (IISc)

      In every state of India, different universities and institutes offer research facilities in different field of Physics. Here is a list of area wise universities and institutes where you can find facilities of research in different branch including Physics –


      Institute for Plasma Research

      Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)


      Aligarh Muslim University


      Allahabad University

      Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI)


      Tezpur University

      Assam University


      Indian Institute of Astrophysics

      Indian Institute of Science

      Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research

      Raman Research Institute


      Institute of Physics

      School of Physical Sciences (SoPS)

      Bombay / Mumbai

      Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

      Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

      University of Mumbai

      Calcutta / Kolkata

      Calcutta University

      Indian Statistical Institute

      S. N. Bose National Centre For Basic Sciences

      Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics


      Panjab University

      Centre for Medical Physics

      Centre for Nanoscience & Nanotechnology

      Chennai / Madras

      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

      Institute of Mathematical Sciences


      Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)

      International School of Photonics


      Bharathiar University


      New Delhi

      Delhi College of Engineering

      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

      Jamia Millia Islamia

      Jawaharlal Nehru University

      School of Physical Sciences

      National Physical Laboratory

      Nuclear Science Centre

      University of Delhi


      Indian School of Mines (ISM)


      National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)


      Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati – Department of Physics


      University of Hyderabad


      Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT)

      Devi Ahilya University


      Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya


      University of Jammu


      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)


      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)


      Mahatma Gandhi University


      Mangalore University


      Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT)


      Vidyasagar University


      Ch. Charan Singh University


      University of Mysore


      Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)

      University of Pune

      Kavikulguru Institute of Technology and Science


      Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)


      Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur (BESU)


      Himachal Pradesh University


      National Institute of Technology


      National Institute of Technology

      Vadodara / Baroda

      Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (MSU)

      Vallabh Vidyanagar

      Sardar Patel University


      Banaras Hindu University

      Institute of Medical Science

      Institute of Technology


      Andhra University


      National Institute of Technology

      Best of luck! We at Stoodnt do encourage you to study Physics and inspire upcoming and future generations of scientifically inclined individuals in India to follow your footsteps.

      Author: Baishali Mukherjee

      Profile- An independent writer and journalist for last nine years; presently working with Education World, Entrepreneur India, and Worked as the content head for four books and have articles and features published in leading print and digital media spaces.


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